Examinando por Autor "Palmezano Díaz, Jorge Mario"
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- PublicaciónRestringidoCaracterísticas clínicas y sociodemográficas de pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 en un Hospital Universitario de Colombia(2018-01) Palmezano Díaz, Jorge Mario; Figueroa Pineda, Claudia Lucía; Rodríguez, R; Plazas Rey, Lisette Katherine; Corredor Guzmán, K; Pradilla Suárez, LP; Cristancho Vásquez, SM; Coha Díaz, JPBACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus type 1 is an autoimmune disease caused by the interaction of multiple environmental and genetic factors leading to the autoimmune destruction of pancreatic B cells producerns of insulin. The incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus type 1 vary considerably all around the world. OBJECTIVE: To establish the clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of diabetes mellitus type 1. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study that included patients with diabetes type 1 who entered to a university hospital of Colombia from 2012 to 2016. Then, a statistical analysis was done according to variables. RESULTS: Intrahospitalary prevalence of diabetes mellitus type 1 was of 19 cases for each 100,000 patients older tan 13 years. It was more frequent in women with 61.3%; the mean age at diagnosis was of 14.89 years. Diagnosis was established in a clinical manner without autoimmunity studies, they were patients with not-controlled disease with a mean HbA1c of 11.5%; the frequent complications were: diabetic cetoacidosis with 46.6%, as well as hypoglycemia. The most frequently prescribed insulin in these patients was glargine, glulisine and regular insulin. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that some characteristics of diabetes mellitus 1 could be similar and some different to that reported in other studies; however, some possible investigations may be considered taking these results as basement.
- PublicaciónRestringidoPrevalencia y caracterización de las enfermedades autoinmunitarias en pacientes mayores de 13 años en un hospital de Colombia(2018-07) Palmezano Díaz, Jorge Mario; Figueroa Pineda, Claudia Lucía; Rodríguez Amaya, Reynaldo Mauricio; Plazas Rey, Lisette KatherineBACKGROUND: Autoimmune diseases affect around 3-5% of human beings, especially women. Due to its low prevalence, local clinical data on the behavior of this disease are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To find the prevalence of autoimmune diseases in the University Hospital of Santander, as well as to carry out the clinical and sociodemographic characterization of the diseases. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An observational, descriptive and retrospective crosssectional study on the prevalence of autoimmune diseases was done at the University Hospital of Santander between 2012 and 2016 in patients over 13 years of age who entered to the institution. RESULTS: A total of 1463 autoimmune diseases were found, with a prevalence of 378 cases per 100,000 patients over 13 years of age treated at the University Hospital of Santander and the population with autoimmune disease was 0.4%. The most prevalent diseases were rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, Graves’ disease, immune thrombocytopenic purpura and systemic lupus erythematosus and the most affected organs were the skin, thyroid gland, hematology system, pancreas and nervous system. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that the prevalence in our environment is similar to that of studies in other populations; however, these prevalences are multifactorial and may vary among different populations.