Examinando por Materia "Biofilms"
Mostrando 1 - 2 de 2
Resultados por página
Opciones de clasificación
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoActividad antimicrobiana de aceites esenciales de Lippia alba y cymbopogon citratus sobre streptococcus mutans y citotoxicidad en células cho(2016) Ortega Cuadros, Mailen; Tofiño Rivera, Adriana Patricia; Mena Álvarez, O.; Martínez Pabón, M.C.; Galvis Pareja, D.; Merini, Luciano J.Background: Dental caries is a complex in- fectious disease of multifactorial origin in which interactions occur between plaque, tooth, biological determinants such as salivary f low, buffering capa- city and pH of saliva, predominant organisms, diet and behavioral socioeconomic factors; prevails in the 60-90% of the world’s school-age population. The existing prevention and treatment are not com- pletely effective and generate some side effects, so the search for complementary strategies is necessary for handling. Objetives: To evaluate the capabi- lity of essential oils on Lippia alba (Mill). N.E.Br and Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf to eradicate S. mutans biofilms and its toxicity on eukaryotic cells. Methods: Essential oils were extracted from plant material through steam distillation. Its chemical composition was determined for gas chromato- graphy with mass selective detector (GC-MS). It was used the MBEC-high-throughput technique to determine the removal concentration of S. mu- tans biofilms. Cytotoxicity was evaluated on CHO cells through The MTT 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium. Results: The major components in both essential oils were Geraniol and Citral. Lippia alba essential oil applied in concen- tration of 0.01 mg / 100 mL removed 95.8% of S. mutans biofilm and C. citratus e s s ent i a l o i l s h o w e d a removal activity of 95.4% in the concentrations 0.1, 0.01mg /100 mL and 93.1% in concentration 0.001 mg / 100 mL. None of the essential oils showed toxicity to CHO cells in a 24-hour treatment, with signif icant differences in relation to the control with methanol (P = 0.00) which inhibits most cells. Conclusions: The L. alba and C. citratus essential oils showed eradication activity against S. mutans biof ilms and null cytotoxicity, evidencing a po- tential use in treating and preventing dental caries.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoEffect of Lippia alba and Cymbopogon citratus essential oils on biofilms of Streptococcus mutans and cytotoxicity in CHO cells(2016-10-17) Tofiño Rivera, Adriana Patricia; Ortega Cuadros, Mailen; Galvis Pareja, D.; Jiménez Rios, Hedilka; Merini, Luciano J.; Martínez Pabón, M.C.Background Caries is a public health problem, given that it prevails in 60 to 90% of the school-age global population. Multiple factors interact in its etiology, among them dental plaque is necessary to have lactic acid producing microorganisms like Streptococcus from he Mutans group. Existing prevention and treatment measures are not totally effective and generate adverse effects, which is why it is necessary to search for complementary strategies for their management. Aim The study sought to evaluate the eradication capacity of Streptococcus mutans biofilms and the toxicity on eukaryotic cells of Lippia alba and Cymbopogon citratus essential oils. Methodology Essential oils were extracted from plant material through steam distillation and then its chemical composition was determined. The MBEC-high-throughput (MBEC-HTP) (Innovotech, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada) assay used to determine the eradication concentration of S. mutans ATCC 35668 strain biofilms. Cytotoxicity was evaluated on CHO cells through the MTT cell proliferation assay. Results The major components in both oils were Geraniol and Citral; in L. alba 18.9% and 15.9%, respectively, and in C. citratus 31.3% and 26.7%. The L. alba essential oils presented eradication activity against S. mutans biofilms of 95.8% in 0.01 mg/dL concentration and C. citratus essential oils showed said eradication activity of 95.4% at 0.1, 0.01 mg/dL concentrations and of 93.1% in the 0.001 mg/dL concentration; none of the concentrations of both essential oils showed toxicity on CHO cells during 24 h. Conclusion The L. alba and C. citratus essential oils showed eradication activity against S. mutans biofilms and null cytotoxicity, evidencing the need to conduct further studies that can identify their active components and in order to guide a safe use in treating and preventing dental caries. Chemical compounds studied in this article List of up to 10 names of chemical compounds studied in the article. Geranial. Neral. Myrcene. Geraniol. (E)-Caryophyllene. trans-Verbenol. Geranyl acetate. cis-Verbenol. Germacrene D. 37-Dimethyl-26-octadiene-1-ol