Gelation kinetics of colloidal dispersion gels by viscoelasticrheological methods
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Colloidal dispersion gels are one of the methodologies implemented, such as chemical recovery processes, in mature wells, their components are mainly polyacrylamide and aluminum citrate, both aqueous unlike other types of gelling, in this there is an intramolecular process, between the polymer chains and the crosslinker, generating a ball of polyacrylamide of nanometric dimensions. The usual gelling processes increase the viscosity of a fluid because of an increase in the molecular weight of the polymer, but in this case, the viscosity of the fluid decreases to the point of being close to that of the solvent, for this reason a monitoring of its gelation kinetics, in a conventional way is not possible, in view of this problem, this research implements techniques of viscoelastic characterization of fluids, to determine the loss and storage modules G' and G'', as well as the phase angle in the time, in order to learn more about the gelling mechanism, as well as to be able to estimate a reaction speed, from the point of view of viscoelastic variables, the results obtained revealed that despite being gelling, there is a decrease in the storage modulus , to a greater extent than the loss modulus, which implies that the material loses elastic properties, that is, from solid to become a material more viscous or liquid. With this information, an equation was proposed that can be used both in the laboratory and in oil field work. In addition to being extended to fluids with similar behaviors, where the interactions between the polymeric chains and their crosslinker generate a decrease in their elastic properties.