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dc.contributor.advisorOrozco Levi, Mauricio-
dc.contributor.advisorPizarro Gómez, Camilo-Ernesto-
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Ribero, Javier G.-
dc.contributor.otherAnderson Bermon Angarita-
dc.contributor.otherRamírez Sarmiento, Alba-Lucía-
dc.contributor.otherNavas, Alvaro-
dc.contributor.otherDominguez, Clara-
dc.contributor.otherCaicedo, Freny-
dc.contributor.otherMogollón, Melisa-
dc.contributor.otherGuio, Diego-
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-21T23:17:25Z-
dc.date.available2019-02-21T23:17:25Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-02-
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.udes.edu.co/handle/001/1221-
dc.description67 p. Cdspa
dc.description.abstractLa higiene de manos es la principal estrategia para reducir las infecciones intrahospitalarias. Su incumplimiento afecta a las instituciones de salud a nivel mundial. El grupo de Investigación EMICON (Colciencias, cod), cuenta con una innovación basada en tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TICs) denominada MANitor (acrónimo de “MAnos” y “moNITORización”). Esta invención es un “espejo inteligente”, que guía, registra, graba y audita el lavado de manos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar su efectividad en un entorno hospitalario en términos de cumplimiento del lavado de manos y en unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) en las manos de quienes acceden a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI). Estudio cuasiexperimental en el que Se analizaron la proporción de UFC. en individuos que realizaron el lavado de sus manos, así como el cumplimiento del mismo, según criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), mediante cultivos microbiológicos y videograbaciones en el lavabo al ingreso a la uci. en la situación de referencia (MANitor fuera de servicio como comparador), y los cambios asociados a la intervención (MANitor en funcionamiento). Se registraron 1333 ingresos a la UCI. El lavado completo de manos lo cumplieron solo el 12,3% de los individuos que accedieron a la UCI. El 81,4% de este cumplimiento completo se asoció al dispositivo MANitor en servicio .El lavado de manos disminuyó 85,3% el numero de UFC de las manos y, mostró una asociación (p<0,001) con el dispositivo MANitor en servicio.spa
dc.description.tableofcontentsTABLA DE CONTENIDO LISTADOS ESPECIALES 8 GLOSARIO 12 RESUMEN 13 ABSTRACT 14 1. INTRODUCCIÓN 15 2. PLANTEAMIENTO DEL PROBLEMA Y JUSTIFICACIÓN 16 3. OBJETIVOS 18 3.1. OBJETIVO GENERAL 18 3.2. OBJETIVOS ESPECÍFICOS 18 4. MARCO TEÓRICO 19 4.1. INFECCIONES ASOCIADAS A LA ATENCIÓN EN SALUD Y SU IMPACTO SOBRE LOS ENTORNOS HOSPITALARIOS 19 4.2. ESTRATEGIAS PROPUESTAS Y PRIORIZADAS POR LA OMS PARA PROMOVER LA HIGIENE DE MANOS 20 4.3. ADHERENCIA A LA ESTRATEGIA DE HIGIENE DE MANOS POR PARTE DEL PERSONAL DE SALUD. 22 4.4. AVANCES E INNOVACIÓN (SISTEMA MANITOR) 24 5. HIPÓTESIS 25 6. METODOLOGÍA 26 6.1. TIPO DE ESTUDIO 26 6.2. POBLACIÓN ESTUDIO 27 6.2.1. POBLACIÓN OBJETO 27 6.2.2. CRITERIOS DE SELECCIÓN 27 6.2.3. TAMAÑO DE MUESTRA Y MUESTREO 27 6.3. VARIABLES 28 6.3.1. MEDICIÓN DE VARIABLES PAQUETE DE TRABAJO N1 28 6.3.2. MEDICIÓN DE VARIABLES PAQUETE DE TRABAJO N2 28 6.4. ESTRATEGIA PROCEDIMENTAL 29 6.4.1. INSTRUMENTOS Y DISPOSITIVOS 31 6.4.2. RECOLECCIÓN DE LOS DATOS 31 6.4.3. PROCESAMIENTO Y ANÁLISIS DE LOS DATOS 32 6.4.4. CONSIDERACIONES ÉTICAS 32 7. RESULTADOS Y DISCUSIÓN 34 7.1. RESULTADOS 34 7.2. DISCUSIÓN 41 8. CONCLUSIONES 45 9. RECOMENDACIONES 46 10. BIBLIOGRAFÍA 57spa
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dc.language.isospaspa
dc.publisherBucaramanga : Universidad de Santander, 2017spa
dc.rightsDerechos Reservados - Universidad de Santander, 2017spa
dc.titleEvaluación de la efectividad de un sistema de visión artificial con capacidad para alerta, auditoria y análisis del lavado de manos en la unidad de cuidado intensivo polivalente de la FCV. Instituto del corazón de Floridablanca.spa
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Especializaciónspa
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dc.description.versionEj. 1spa
dc.contributor.educationalValidatorSerpa Pérez, Piedad Cecilia-
dc.identifier.localT 71.17 A591e-
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercialspa
dc.subject.proposalTICspa
dc.subject.proposalLavado de Manosspa
dc.subject.proposalOMSspa
dc.subject.proposalSeguridad del Pacientespa
dc.subject.proposalMANitorspa
dc.subject.proposalAnálisis Microbiológicospa
dc.type.dcmi-type-vocabularyTextspa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesisspa
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionspa
dc.description.abstractenglishHand hygiene is the main strategy for reducing nosocomial infections. Its non-compliance affects health institutions worldwide. The research group EMICON (Colciencias, cod), has an innovation based on information and communication technologies (ICTs) called MANitor (acronym of "Manos" and "moNITORización"). This invention is an "intelligent mirror", which guides, records, records and audits handwashing. This study aimed to evaluate its effectiveness in a hospital environment in terms of compliance with handwashing and colony forming units (CFU) in the hands of those who access the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). This quasiexperimental study in which the proportion of CFU was analyzed. In individuals who performed the washing of their hands, as well as the compliance with the same, according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, through microbiological cultures and videotapes in the lavatory upon admission to the uci. In the reference situation (MANitor out of service as a comparator), and changes associated with the intervention (MANitor in operation). There were 1333 admissions to the ICU. Complete hand washing was performed by only 12.3% of the individuals who accessed the ICU. 81.4% of this complete compliance was associated with the MANitor device in service. Handwashing reduced the number of CFUs in the hands by 85.3% and showed an association (p <0.001) with the MANitor device in service.spa
dc.thesis.nameMedicina Crítica y Cuidado Intensivospa
dc.thesis.disciplineFaculta de Ciencias de la Salud - Medicina Crítica y Cuidado Intensivospa
dc.thesis.levelEspecializaciónspa
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