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dc.contributor.authorWu, Sheng Jiun-
dc.contributor.authorFlorez, Alvaro M.-
dc.contributor.authorHomoelle, Bradley J.-
dc.contributor.authorDean, Donald H.-
dc.contributor.authorAlzate, Oscar-
dc.relation.ispartofAdvances in Biological Chemistryen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAdvances in Biological Chemistry;N° 2, 123-131, 2012en
dc.rightsDerechos Reservados - The Authors, 2012spa
dc.titleTwo disulfide mutants in domain I of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry3Aa δ-endotoxin increase stability with no effect on toxicityen
dc.typeArtículo de revistaspa
dc.subject.proposalDisulfide Bondsen
dc.subject.proposalCD Spectraen
dc.subject.proposalSite Directed Mutagenesisen
dc.description.abstractenglishTo increase protein stability and test protein function, three double-cysteine mutations were individually introduced by protein engineering into the cysteinefree Cry3Aa δ-endotoxin from Bacillus thuringiensis. These mutations were designed to create disulfide bonds between α-helices 2 and 5 (positions 110 - 193), and α-helices 5 and 7 (positions 195 - 276 and 198 - 276). Comparison of the CD spectra of the wild-type and the double-cysteine mutant proteins indicates a tighter helical packing consistent with formation of at least two of the disulfide bonds between the central and the outer helices. Thermal stability analysis indicates that potential covalent linkages between the central α-helix 5 and the other helices increase resistance to thermal denaturation by 10˚C to 14˚C compared to the thermal stability of the wild-type protein. Spectroscopic analysis of the disulfide-specific absorbance band indicates that the double mutant proteins are more stable to temperature and denaturant (guanidine hydrochloride) than the wild-type protein, as a result of the formation of two of the disulfide bridges. These results indicate that the double mutations M110C/F193C and A198C/V276C successfully established disulfide bonds, resulting in a more stable structure of the entire toxin. Despite the increase in stability and structural changes introduced by the disulfide bonds, no effect on toxicity was observed. A possible mechanism involving the insertion of all of domain I of Cry3Aa toxin into the target membrane accounts for these observations.en
Appears in Collections:DDADA. Artículos de Investigación

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