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Title: Absence of hepatitis C infection among illegal drug users in Bucaramanga, Colombia
Other Titles: Ausencia de infección por virus de la hepatitis C en usuarios de drogas ilícitas en la ciudad de Bucaramanga, Colombia
Authors: Bautista Amorocho, Henry
Jaimes Moreno, Brigitte Zorelly
Hincapié López, Martha-Lucía
Keywords: Hepatitis C
Drug user
Risk factors
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Series/Report no.: Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia;Vol. 26 (1), pp. 15-20. 2011
Abstract: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and identify risk factors associated with the transmission this virus among drug users. In 2009 we performed a cross-sectional study at three facilities handling cases of drug addiction and in one prison. 259 participants were interviewed to collect socio-demographic information and determine risk factors. Anti-HCV antibodies were identified with two different immunoassays. HCV prevalence was 0%. 98% of participants used illegal drugs either orally or nasally while 4.2% injected drugs. 78% of participants reported marijuana consumption, 51% reported consumption of bazuco (Colombian variant of crack cocaine), 50.2% reported cocaine consumption and 22.8% reported amphetamine consumption. 59% had consumed drugs for more than 5 years, 60.2% had tattoos, 17.8% had piercings, and 84.9% have practiced unsafe sex. HCV prevalence was lower than reported in previous studies of drug users in Latin-America. However, we identified risk factors that would facilitate HCV infection once the virus is introduced in this population.
Description: 5 p.
ISSN: 0120-9957
Appears in Collections:DCACA. Artículos de Investigación

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